AAIM | 21st Century Medicine

AAIM Blog  The blog for integrative medicine professionals

Behavioral Activation: Only an Intervention for Treating Depression, Or An Approach for Achieving a Meaningful Life?

By  Andrew Hale, MA, BCBA and C. Richard Spates, PhD

Behavioral activation is an empirically supported intervention for depression that has demonstrated effectiveness both as a stand-alone treatment and as a component of cognitive therapy.  Additionally, there is a growing body of evidence supporting the application of behavioral activation in contexts that do not involve the treatment of clinical depression.  This paper introduces the defining features of behavioral activation, describes a series of popular self-help and productivity strategies that employ principles of treatment, and presents contemporary neuroscience research related to clinical and non-clinical applications.  Behavioral activation may have important benefits beyond treating depression such as increasing resiliency, fostering well-being, and building a meaningful life

Behavioral Activation: Only an Intervention for Treating Depression, Or An Approach for Achieving a Meaningful Life?


Old Fashioned Bone Broths Still the Best

Nutrition Tips March 2015: Old Fashioned Bone Broths Still the Best

By Tammera J. Karr

Over the years, I have tried a number of broth mixes for convenience, but they all have fallen flat, compared to the hearty, rich, and nourishing broths made by my mother and others, back in the day.

“Good broth will resurrect the dead,” says a South American proverb. “Indeed, stock is everything in cooking. Without it, nothing can be done,” said Escoffier.


The Nurse Sees it First The Effects of Parental Divorce on Children and Adolescents

The Nurse Sees it First The Effects of Parental Divorce on Children and Adolescents

By Jolene Oppawsky

The high divorce rate involves, and negatively affects, many children and adolescents. Studies and clinical reports of the effects of divorce on children show that these children and adolescents respond to parental divorce with an array of symptoms. Nurses are some of the first professionals to see these reactions. Identifying symptomatology as an effect of divorce on them is the first step toward dealing with and ameliorating these effects. The nurses’ requisites for ameliorating and intermediary functions are identified.


Essentialism in Food Preference

Essentialism in Food Preference

By Shulan Lu, PhD, Department of Psychology
Derek Harter, PhD, Department of Computer Science

Individual differences in food preference is a complex topic no single theory can account for.  In addition to the evolutionary and biological determinants of food preferences, this paper discusses the psychological factors underlying variations in food preferences.  In particular, this paper discusses the essentialist mindset, whereby people seek contact with the essence of the world we live in, which drives some of the food preferences experts have not been able to account for through biological or social mechanisms.


Nutrition Tips February, 2015: Dairy-Free Yogurt is Easy to Make

By Tammera J. Karr, PhD

Years ago my dad gave me a food dehydrator as a gift. When he asked me for gift suggestions and I popped out with, “a food dehydrator,” he looked at me as if I had grown a second head. That may be because my mom was dead-set against practical gifts, thus to have a female family member ask for an appliance, well you can see his confusion.

One of the reasons I wanted a dehydrator was so I could make our own yogurt. I had been introduced to this tangy dairy food by my Mother-in-law. The version she made was so tart it gave lemons a run for their money, and I was sure I could make it more palatable. I did too….

Click here to read the article: Nutrition Tips February, 2015: Dairy-Free Yogurt is Easy to Make


The Challenge of Burnout: An Ethical Perspective

 

Michael W. Hayes, EdD, LPC, NCC, BCPC

Assistant Professor & Coordinator of Practicum/Internships

Lincoln Memorial University-Cedar Bluff

This article reviews the literature of professional burnout since the inception of the term by Freudenberger (1974). The term burnout is defined and contrasted with other terms in the literature such as compassion fatigue and vicarious trauma. Included in the article is an exploration of burnout across the helping professions and how and if the multiple etiologies generalize to other related professions. The article is framed as self-care being an affirmative duty for the practitioner that is defined in the ethical codes of multiple disciplines. The article concludes with a discussion of strategies for the practitioner to explore that represent evidence-based treatments in the literature.

Go here to read the article: The Challenge of Burnout: An Ethical Perspective


The Sound of Grief

By Jolene Oppawsky, PhD, LPC, ACS, DAPA

This article presents a therapeutic activity to help children who have experienced grief and loss deal with their problems by using toy musical instruments as adjunct tools to therapy.  The purpose is to produce sounds that act as metaphors for children’s feelings.  Additionally, this group, family, or individual therapy activity helps children externalize grief and loss, and gives them a medium through which they may practice grief work.  This article details a step-by-step and practical clinical intervention developed by the author, who depends on her own creativity and resourcefulness to help her clients.  Two clinical vignettes are included.

The Sound of Grief


Nutrition Tips January, 2015: Is Fluoride in Private Wells Causing an IQ Decline?

by Tammera J. Karr, PhD

When I saw this headline in the Scientific America magazine from August 20th, 2014, I was surprised for two reasons. The first is this magazine hasn’t been overly receptive of information of this nature over the last few years. The second reason is the controversy over fluoride in general.

Excess fluoride, which may damage both brain and bone, is leaching out of granite and into Maine’s drinking water—and potentially other New England states.

Like many states with granite rich soils Maine’s many small communities and residents, rely on private wells for the water they drink, bathe in and perhaps use to make infant milk formula. Newly available data, released in recent months, indicates that in some 10 communities in the state of Maine, wells harbor dangerously high levels of fluoride. In some cases, the wells contain more than double the level that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has deemed the acceptable maximum exposure level.

Nutrition Tips January, 2015: Is Fluoride in Private Wells Causing an IQ Decline?


Emotionally-focused Therapy in Adolescents Grief Work: What Helps Healthy Grieving?

By Dr. George Kurian

In a world filled with increasing violence, death, abuse, and other tragedies, children can become the invisible, silent mourners whose need for grieving goes unnoticed or overlooked. To the extent that children are able to express their grief when it matters, they will grow into adulthood as healthy individuals, capable of handling the challenges of life. This article presents an overview of what normal and traumatic grief reactions are, and explores the role of healthy grieving for adolescents. Through case examples, using a family therapy model, this article presents Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) as a simple, practical way to help adolescents cope with their normal grief reactions of depression, anxiety, anger, feelings of rejection, and sense of worthlessness. Regardless of what theoretical orientations or therapy models counselors are accustomed to using in their practice, EFT can serve as a useful tool in helping clients successfully engage in healthy attachment styles within a secure, “safe haven” relationship. Moreover, for counselors of faith, the role of spirituality is explored as a way to facilitate healthy grieving for those struggling to cope with traumatic events of childhood.

Emotionally-focused Therapy in Adolescents Grief Work: What Helps Healthy Grieving?


Mandala Art: Inter-professional Mindfulness Education and Journaling Techniques for Self-Awareness and Self-Transformation

By: Kathleen Quinn, EdD, MSN-WHNP-BC, MED, RN

Discovery Integrative Healthcare and PsychotherapyCenters

October 15, 2014

601-467-0041

drkathleenquinn1@gmail.com

This article is the result of a series of presentations during the Summer 2012 and 2013 Academy for Expanded Perspectives on Learning conferences, as well as the Summer/Fall 2014 faculty development workshops for San Antonio College.  The content is based on the principles of mindfulness and reflective practice, supporting disclosure in non-verbal patients and students, and utilizes expressive art in the form of mandalas.  The psychological underpinning for this form of expressive art is Jungian, and is frequently used to self-identify similarities, to establish inclusion of group members. Aspects from the mandala are used for amplification, to stimulate awareness, self-expression, and communication with others, and finally to create a mechanism to diffuse and manage stress in academic and work environments.

Mandala Art: Inter-professional Mindfulness Education and Journaling Techniques for Self-Awareness and Self-Transformation